All About Toothpaste

  • What is a cavity and what causes it?
  • There are several ways to know if you have a cavity.
  • If a cavity goes untreated, it will only result in further damage.

Choosing the right type of toothpaste depends on your specific dental health needs.

Toothpaste is one of an essential tool when it comes to oral hygiene. Toothpaste is a paste or gel that serves as an abrasive and helps remove food and dental plaque from the teeth. Another great thing about toothpaste is that it works to prevent tooth decay and gum disease, and assists in suppressing bad breath.  

What does toothpaste contain?

 Toothpaste gets made from different materials, the most common being:

  • Abrasive agents: These materials help to remove stains, bacteria, and food from your teeth. Some of these abrasive agents include calcium carbonate and silicates.
  • Flavor: Toothpaste contains artificial sweeteners to make them taste better. Most of the time, these ingredients come from sugar-free sweetening agents that doesn’t cause any harm to the teeth. One of the most common flavors for toothpaste is mint, but there are also flavors like cinnamon, lemon-lime, and bubblegum.
  • Humectants: For moisture retention, toothpaste contains substances like glycerol to prevent it from drying out. These materials trap water in the toothpaste, and they can maintain the gell-ish texture found in them.
  • Thickening agents: These agents are in charge of adding thickness to the toothpaste.  Gooey molecules, often found in seaweeds, are the ones that help achieve and main toothpaste texture.
  • Detergents: Detergents, like sodium lauryl sulfate, are in charge of causing the foaming action when someone is brushing their teeth.

Toothpaste brands

People can see a great variety of toothpaste brands over market shelves. Each brand has a particular formula, different goal, and specific ingredients: there is a crescent market for natural toothpaste, for example. These kinds of varieties set each brand apart, but at the end, they all serve the same purpose: helping us to keep healthy mouths.  

  • Colgate:  This brand is one of the most popular ones amongst consumers and dentists. Some of their kinds of toothpaste are made to whiten the teeth, freshen the breath and for strengthen of the enamel.
  • Crest: They offer a broad range of toothpaste, focusing mainly in whitening and anti-plaque toothpaste.
  • Sensodyne: This brand focuses on people with sensitive teeth, and their toothpaste is specially designed to lessen pain associated with tooth sensitivity. They also make whitening toothpaste and one that protects tooth enamel.
  • Arm & Hammer: What this brand does is using baking soda in their toothpaste. This natural ingredient is known for their whitening properties.
  • Close-Up: This brand of toothpaste is mostly designed to prevent cavities, whiten teeth and for fresh breath. One of its active ingredients is mouthwash.  
  • Aim: Their gel toothpaste primary goal is to control tartar formation, and it also works to prevent cavities.  
  • Tom’s of Maine: This brand is known for using natural and animal-friendly ingredients in their formula. Their different kinds of toothpaste are flavored with fruits and herbs, as well. They offer toothpaste for dry mouth, tooth sensitivity, and for whitening teeth.  

Different kinds of toothpaste

When you are looking for toothpaste, you are going to see different types of them: whitening, sensitivity, anti-plaque, and fluoride are most common ones. Each type of toothpaste gets made with particular ingredients that focus on fighting against each problematic. Even though they are made to attack a particular problem, they are not mutually exclusive. For example, you can come across whitening toothpaste that also helps to fight against plaque. Knowing what they are good for will help you to pick the one that serves your needs the best.

Whitening Toothpaste: Whitening toothpaste contributes to removing surface stains; this removal appears to whiten someone’s teeth when properly used. They aren’t likely to contain peroxide like many other whitening products do. However, they do contain some harsh chemicals that polish the teeth. Said abrasives would not cause harm to your teeth, though; whitening toothpaste is equally harder on tooth enamel than other types of toothpaste.

Anti-Plaque (Or Tartar) Toothpaste: Our teeth have a layer of bacteria called plaque. Plaque gets removed with proper oral hygiene habits, but when it doesn’t get removed quickly, it hardens into tartar. This accumulated layer of bacteria usually builds up over the teeth and under the gums, leading to gum disease. Antiplaque and tartar toothpaste include a variety of chemical compounds and ingredients to help prevent the buildup of tartar on teeth.  Also, the active ingredients in this kind of toothpaste reduce the toxic effects that bacteria lay on the teeth and surrounding tissues.

Sensitivity Toothpaste: This type of toothpaste gets fabricated for people whose teeth get easily irritated. This irritation can be caused by hot or cold temperatures, for example, and it usually happens when the teeth’s layer of enamel has worn away.  Their main ingredients are potassium nitrate, strontium chloride, or stannous fluoride; these elements act like numbing agents that block pain signals to the tooth’s nerves.

Fluoride Toothpaste: Most kinds of toothpaste on the market feature fluoride, which is a mineral that supposedly helps remove plaque and strengthen enamel, making teeth and gums less vulnerable to decay and disease. However, recent evidence suggests that fluoride might not be effective in preventing tooth decay.

Is fluoride bad for you? There is evidence indicating that fluoride may increase the risk of dental disease and health issues, like weakened bones and thyroid conditions. Also, there’s some evidence that fluoride accumulates in the pineal gland (that’s in our brains) and could disrupt a broad range of body functions and processes, like sleep.

Choosing the best toothpaste

Choosing the right type of toothpaste depends on your specific dental health needs, so it is helpful to understand what kind benefits and differences are between them. According to, these are the best ones for us according to reviewers:

Besides knowing what the best kind of toothpaste in every branch, as a consumer you should also take into consideration the following points:

  • Look for the ADA approval:  If there’s a seal of approval from the American Dental Association on the toothpaste of your choosing, then you are on the right track.  If the toothpaste has this distinction, it has already been evaluated by experts for safety and effectiveness, making it safe for the consumer.
  • Consider your needs:  When you are choosing toothpaste, always take in mind what are your dental needs. Every people’s set of teeth is entirely different, so it is logical that the appropriate care changes as well. Look for the toothpaste that addresses what you are looking.   

Always double check ingredients:  Be wary of toxic substances that can get found in your toothpaste. For example, there was a case around 2007 where a toothpaste imported from China contained diethylene glycol, a highly toxic substance.   

Natural alternatives for toothpaste

If you don’t want to put harsh chemicals on your teeth, there are still some options you ought to consider to keep a healthy mouth. What’s best is these alternatives for toothpaste are natural ingredients or everyday use materials, and people commonly find them around their houses. These are some of them:

Baking Soda: Baking soda might be one of the most attractive alternatives for toothpaste. Baking soda is effective at cleaning teeth and removing plaque, fighting tooth decay. When it gets used correctly, it might be a less rough way of cleaning your teeth, and more favorable than toothpaste, as well.

Hydrogen Peroxide: This substance is known for keeping people’s teeth clean and white, hence making it a great alternative instead of toothpaste due to its bacteria-killing power. There’s just one problem with hydrogen peroxide: if you have amalgam fillings peroxide may leach mercury from them.

Coconut Oil:  If you are already into alternative uses from everyday products, you know how wonderful coconut oil is for your overall health and it also great for your teeth. Thanks to their antifungal and antibacterial properties, coconut oil is great for mouth cleaning, and it might help reduce plaque. It might work better when combined with other ingredients (like baking soda).

Pure Water: Water is great for oral health, and it works precisely well for clearing accumulated waste from the teeth. The only bad thing is that you won’t get a minty-fresh feel on your mouth.   

Toothpaste comes in a lot of types and flavors, and they cover different dental needs; always look for the one that covers yours! People should clean their teeth to preserve a healthy mouth. Whether it is with traditional toothpaste or an alternative remedy, brushing is an essential part of dental care, and it helps prevent any diseases and problems that put at risk our pearly white smile.  

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